The poor are dependent on market systems in various ways. Changing those market systems to work more effectively and sustainably for the poor will improve their livelihoods and consequently reduce poverty.
“A market system is a multi-function, multi-player arrangement comprising the core function of exchange by which goods and services are delivered and the supporting functions and rules which are performed and shaped by a variety of market players.” Operational Guide for the M4P approach
- Overview and Strategy Documents
- The M4P approach in context: How does it compare to other PSD approaches?
- M4P, growth and poverty reduction
- Design and Implementation
- M4P Case Studies
- Discussions and Meeting Proceedings
- Market approaches to social and basic service delivery
- M4P Programme Websites and other Useful Links
Overview and Strategy Documents
- Getting to Scale: Lessons in reaching Scale in PSD programmes, Gareth Davies, ASI, 2016
- Food Systems Innovation Australia Dossier on Systemic Change, 2016
- The Operational Guide for the M4P Approach, The Springfield Centre, 2015
- Market Systems Approaches: A literature review, John Humphrey, IDS, 2014.
- A Framework for Inclusive Market System Development, ACDI-VOCA for USAID, 2014..
- Beyond the Pioneer: Getting Inclusive Industries to Scale, Monitor Inclusive Markets, 2014
The M4P approach in context: How does it compare to other PSD approaches?
- Matching Grant Schemes and Systemic Approaches for PSD: Differences and Complementarities, DCED 2015
- Making Markets Work for Poor – Comparing M4P and Sustainable Livelihood Approach frameworks, SDC, 2008.
M4P, growth and poverty reduction
- Making markets empower the poor. Programme perspectives on using markets to empower women and men living in poverty, Oxfam Discussion Paper, 2011.
- Under what conditions are value chains effective for pro-poor development?, IIED, 2011.
Design and Implementation
This section lists generic documents on the design and implementation of M4P programmes.
- Getting there from here: Knowledge, leadership, culture, and rules toward adaptive management in market systems programmes, Beam Exchange, 2016.
- Scaling impact: Extending input delivery to smallholder farmers at scale, USAID LEO, 2015.
- Focus Note on Facilitating Market Development to Advance Financial Inclusion, CGAP, 2013.
- Click on this link for other examples of value chain analysis
M4P Case Studies
Below you can find case studies and overviews of selected M4P programmes and projects. For further programme- and project-specific information, please refer to www.Value-Chains.org.
- Institutional Reform: Adaptive programming in practice: Shared lessons from LASER (Legal Assistance for Economic Reform) and SAVI (State Accountability and Voice Initiative), 2016
- Financial Sector Deepening, Kenya: Ten years of a market systems approach in the Kenyan finance market, by Alan Gibson, 2016.
- Smallholder agriculture: Scaling Impact. Cambodia MSME Ex-post Assessment, USAID LEO, 2016.
- Smallholder agriculture: The BOSS Project in Timor-Leste: Thin Markets, Thick Impact? ILO, 2015.
- Innovating Private Sector Engagement in the Indo-Pacific Region. The Market Development Facility, MDF, 2015.
- Alliances Lesser Caucasus Programme Annual Report 2014-15 with results achieved
- Illuminating Market Systems Development in Fragile Environments. A case study of the alternative energy market in Timor Leste, Mercy Corps, 2015.
- Education and Lasting Access to Fertiliser: How Nigerian Smallholders and Business are Prospering Together, Propcom Mai-karfi and the Springfield Centre, 2014.
- The Case Study page of Katalyst Bangladesh (Seeds, ICT, Vegetables, Maize etc.)
- Navigating complexity. Adaptive management at the Northern Karamoja Growth, Health and Governance Program, EWB and Mercy Corps, 2014.
- Making the Input Supply Market Work for the Poor: A Case Study From the Somali Region of Ethiopia, Mercy Corps and Springfield, 2013
Discussions and Meeting Proceedings
- Private sector development: Strengthening the role of the private sector in the European development policy, Finnish Institute of International Affairs, January 2016.
- Resisting the Formulaic: Measuring the Impact of Aid on Entrepreneurship and Development ANU Development Policy Centre, February 2016.
- USAID Peer Learning Event Materials, 2015.
- DCED Report on the M4P Peer Learning Event, 2013. Covered practical issues like how to structure teams, and how to make deals.
- Main-streaming governance in M4P projects. Synthesis of the e-discussion of SDC’s e+i network, 2012.
M4P in Education Programmes
- Low-fee private schooling: what do we really know? FP2P blog, 2015
- Private non-state sector engagement in the provision of educational services at the primary and secondary levels in South Asia: An analytical review of its role in school enrolment and student achievement, WB Policy Research WP, 2014.
- Low-cost private schools: Evidence, approaches and emerging issues. EPS PEAKS Topic Guide, 2013.
- The high return to private schooling in a low-income country, CGDEV, 2011.
- Public and private schooling in Ghana: Are the Poor being served? CREATE/DFID, 2010.
M4P in Health Programmes
- Lessons for future health and M4P programming. Private Sector Innovation Programme for Health (PSP4H), prepared for DFID, 2016.
- The Health Systems Hub (variety of resources).
- Preliminary Research Report: Private Sector Innovation for Health, Cardno for DFID, 2014.
- Engaging with Health Markets in Low and Middle Income Countries, IDS for DFID, 2014.
- Knowledge Portal on Private Sector for Health by the Private Sector Innovation Programme for Health (PSP4H) (Cardno programme for DFID in Kenya):
- Primary Health Care at the Base of the Pyramid. RTT’s Unjani Clinic Model, A B4D Pathfinder Case Study, 2012.
- USAID Strengthening Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS) project website
- Private Health Policy Toolkit, World Bank Group.
M4P in Water and Sanitation Programmes
- A Market Led, Evidence Based, Approach to Rural Sanitation, Monitor Inclusive Markets, 2013.
- Tapping the Market: Opportunities for Domestic Investments in Sanitation for the Poor, World Bank Water and Sanitation Programme and IFC, 2013.
M4P in Environment Programmes
M4P Programme Websites and other Useful Links
M4P Programme Websites
- Alliances Lesser Caucasus Programme Website
- Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Rural Economic Development (AIP-Rural)
- ENABLE Nigeria Website
- ILO Lab Website
- Katalyst, Bangladesh Website
- Kenya Markets Trust Website
- Making Nigerian Agricultural Markets Work for the Poor (PrOpCom) Website
- Making Financial Markets Work for the Poor (FinMark South Africa) Website
- Market Development Facility (Fiji, East Timor, Pakistan) Website
- For documents on specific market development programmes all over the world, refer to the DCED’s Value Chain Database at www.Value-Chains.org.
- Reports focusing on Inclusive Business Models that engage with the poor as producers and consumers can be found here.
- Examples of the application of the DCED’s Standard for results measurement to M4P programmes can be found here.
- M4P publications of the Springfield Centre for Business in Development, on their website (many are also posted above)
- SDC’s main M4P site and the separate Market Approaches to Development site
- For those keen on history, the DCED’s work on developing Business Service markets (still surprisingly popular)