Local Economic Development (LED) is a strategy for promoting local economies as
a way to fight poverty. LED programs often include elements of service market development
and/or value chain development and vice versa. Cluster development refers to specific
kind of LED strategies which focus on encouraging and supporting sectoral (and geographic)
agglomerations of inter-connected companies, services and institutions. The targeted
sectors are those that considered to offer the most local economic development potential.
This page provides some key documents and links to information on LED and cluster
This page contains useful information and resources on Innovation Policy under the
Click on an entry below to access a website or document. Suggestions for additions
to this page are welcome at any time.
Click here to contact the DCED Secretariat.
Overview and strategy documents of LED and Cluster
Empirical Research, LED/ Cluster programmes and case
- Burki, Abid and Mushtaq Khan (2013): Agglomeration economies and their effects on technical efficiency of manufacturing firms: Evidence from Pakistan, International Growth Centre Working Paper.
- Ghani, Eyaz, William Kerr and Stephen D. O'Connell (2012): What makes cities more
competitive? Spatial determinants of Entrepreneurship in India, World Bank Policy
Research Working Paper.
Ayele, Gezahegn et.al. (2010): Infrastructure and cluster development. A case study
of handloom weavers in Ethiopia, IFPRI.
Hailu, HK (2010): Success factors in Micro and Small Enterprises Cluster Development:
Case of Gullele Handloom Clusters in Ethiopia.
van Empel, Carlien (2008): Local Economic Development in Polannurawa District, Sri
Lanka, ILO Subregional Office of South Asia, New Delhi.
Nadvi, Khalid (1995): Industrial Clusters and Networks. Case Studies of SME growth
and innovation. UNIDO Small and Medium Enterprise Development Programme.
LED/ Cluster Programmes and Case Studies
Discussions, Proceedings and Podcasts
Methodologies, Tools and Training on LED and Cluster
Critical perspectives on LED
Comparison of different LED approaches
Comparative perspectives on LED and other private sector development approaches
Photographs courtesy of Sudipto Das, Chandan Dey, Melina Heinrich and Katalyst.