Measuring Women’s Economic Empowerment in Private Sector Development: Guidelines for practitioners – DCED (2014)

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2014, DCED – 60 pages

This guideline provides suggestions on the measurement of WEE in private sector development (PSD) programmes, including the measurement of household results. It aims to:

  • Provide practical advice to practitioners seeking to measure WEE in PSD programming;
  • Document how to make each aspect of results measurement more gender-responsive;
  • Highlight important issues in results measurement for practitioners focused on WEE, paying particular attention to measuring household-level changes.

How to Integrate Gender & Women’s Economic Empowerment into Private Sector Development – DCED (2017)

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2017, DCED – 45 pages

This paper seeks to provide Private Sector Development programmes aspiring to ‘do more on WEE’ but struggling to know where to start, ‘step up’ the gender-responsiveness of their programme by providing:

  • Concise, practical guidance on how to incorporate WEE into programme delivery and Monitoring and Results Measurement systems. This guidance is organised into ‘WEE reflection points’, and structured according to the 7 elements of the DCED’s popular Standard for Results Measurement;
  • Links to the best proven and practical tools and resources available;
  • Real programme examples and case studies.

A Practical Guide to Measuring Women’s and Girls’ Empowerment in Impact Evaluations – JPAL (2018)

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2018, JPAL – 52 pages

This practical guide can help provide researchers and practitioners with the tools to select or develop their own indicators of empowerment that are right for their impact evaluations. It emphasises the importance of conducting in-depth formative research to understand gender dynamics in the specific context before starting an evaluation, developing locally tailored indicators to complement internationally standardised ones, and reducing the potential for reporting bias in instruments and data collection plans. Instead of providing a single set of ready-to-go survey instruments, a process for developing indicators appropriate to each study is outlined along with extensive examples. Additionally, the guide highlights key challenges for measuring empowerment:

  • measuring people’s ability to make important life choices is challenging because we rarely observe decision-making directly.
  • empowerment is a process.
  • many aspects of empowerment are susceptible to reporting bias.
  • empowerment means different things in different contexts.
  • prioritizing outcome measures is difficult.
  • measuring women’s preferences is challenging in contexts where women have internalised society’s views.
  • disempowerment can heighten data collection challenges.

Toolkits from the UN Secretary-General’s High Level Panel on WEE – UN Women (2017)

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2017, UN Women – online tool

A host of comprehensive resources from the UN Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on WEE, making the case for investment in WEE, its timeliness and the current landscape. The platform also includes several “how -to” guides that detail appropriate courses of action on the seven drivers of transformation:

  • Driver 1: How to change norms in support of women’s economic empowerment
  • Driver 2: How to ensure legal protections and reform discriminatory laws and regulations
  • Driver 3: How to recognize, reduce and redistribute unpaid work and care
  • Driver 4: How to build assets – digital, financial and property
  • Driver 5: How to change business culture and practice
  • Driver 6: How to improve public sector practices in employment and procurement
  • Driver 7: How to strengthen visibility, collective voice and representation