“Market system change is a change in the way core functions, supporting functions and rules perform that ultimately improves the poor’s terms of participation within the market system. Also referred to as ‘systemic change’ or ‘system-level change’.” Operational Guide for the M4P approach
This page includes selected documents on the approach; for Women’s Economic Empowerment and Market Systems, visit the DCED WEE page. Additional resources are available on the BEAM Exchange website, which is now supervised by the DCED’s Market Systems Development Working Group.
- Overview and Strategy Documents
- The M4P approach in context: How does it compare to other PSD approaches?
- M4P, growth and poverty reduction
- Design and Implementation
- Discussions and Meeting Proceedings
- Market approaches to social and basic service delivery
- M4P Programme Websites, Cases and other Useful Links
Overview and Strategy Documents
- Shaping Inclusive Markets. How Funders and Intermediaries can Help Markets Move toward Greater Economic Inclusion, FSG, 2017.
- Getting to Scale: Lessons in reaching scale in PSD programmes, Gareth Davies, 2016
- The Operational Guide for the M4P Approach, The Springfield Centre, 2015 Definitive work
- Market Approaches that Work for Development: How the Private Sector can contribute to poverty reduction, by Urs Heierli, 2008
- Guiding principles for donor intervention in business development services, DCED 2001 Still surprisingly popular
The M4P approach in context: How does it compare to other PSD approaches?
- Matching Grant Schemes and Systemic Approaches for PSD: Differences and Complementarities, DCED 2015
- Making Markets Work for Poor – Comparing M4P and Sustainable Livelihood Approach frameworks, SDC, 2008.
M4P, growth and poverty reduction
- Market systems and job quality: what do we know and what can we do about it? ILO, 2017.
- Measuring productive employment: a “how to” note, ILO, 2017.
- Making markets empower the poor. Programme perspectives on using markets to empower women and men living in poverty, Oxfam Discussion Paper, 2011.
Design and Implementation
- DCED case studies on using the Standard for adaptive management
- Getting there from here: Knowledge, leadership, culture, and rules toward adaptive management in market systems programmes, Beam Exchange, 2016.
- Scaling impact: Extending input delivery to smallholder farmers at scale, USAID LEO, 2015.
- Focus Note on Facilitating Market Development to Advance Financial Inclusion, CGAP, 2013.
- Click on this link for examples of value chain analysis
Discussions and Meeting Proceedings
- Market Systems Development (MSD) Peer Learning Event, Jakarta, November 2016
- Market Systems Development Donor Workshop, Dar es Salaam, November 2016
- USAID Peer Learning Event Case Study and Organisers’ Guide, 2015.
- DCED Report on the M4P Peer Learning Event, 2013. Covered practical issues like how to structure teams, and how to make deals.
M4P in Education Programmes
Many education professionals (and others) feel that the poor have a right to education, and that it should be free at the point of access. In some countries, however, the public education system is not functioning well, sometimes with no incentive for teachers to even come to work. In such cases, it is suggested, low-fee private schooling can be a solution. The debate continues!
- Can a PPP improve Liberia’s schools? CGD, 2017
- Low-fee private schooling: what do we really know? FP2P blog, 2015
- Private non-state sector engagement in the provision of educational services at the primary and secondary levels in South Asia: An analytical review of its role in school enrolment and student achievement, WB Policy Research WP, 2014.
- Low-cost private schools: Evidence, approaches and emerging issues. EPS PEAKS Topic Guide, 2013.
M4P in Health Programmes
Health professionals may have the same misgivings as education professionals (see above); nonetheless, the first point of contact for the poorest of the poor is often with commercial health care providers in one form or another. So it is suggested by some that it would be prudent to upgrade existing service provision, until it is possible to provide universal coverage that is free at the point of access.
- Knowledge Portal on Private Sector for Health by the Private Sector Innovation Programme for Health (PSP4H) including Successes and Failures in Health Market System Interventions: Learnings from PSP4H in Kenya, 2016.
- Engaging with Health Markets in Low and Middle Income Countries, IDS for DFID, 2014.
- Primary Health Care at the Base of the Pyramid. RTT’s Unjani Clinic Model, A B4D Pathfinder Case Study, 2012.
- USAID Strengthening Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS) project website
M4P in Water and Sanitation Programmes
- A Market Led, Evidence Based, Approach to Rural Sanitation in India, Monitor Inclusive Markets, 2013.
- Tapping the Market: Opportunities for Domestic Investments in Sanitation for the Poor, World Bank Water and Sanitation Programme and IFC, 2013.
M4P Programme Websites, Cases and other Useful Links
M4P Programme Websites
- Alliances Lesser Caucasus Programme Website
- Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Rural Economic Development (AIP-Rural)
- ENABLE Nigeria Website
- ILO Lab Website
- Katalyst, Bangladesh Website
- Kenya Markets Trust Website
- Making Nigerian Agricultural Markets Work for the Poor (PrOpCom) Website
- Making Financial Markets Work for the Poor (FinMark South Africa) Website
- Market Development Facility (Fiji, East Timor, Pakistan) Website
M4P Case Studies
- Six case studies on financial market systems development on the FSD Africa website, 2016/2017. See also the Synthesis Paper The Art of Financial Market Facilitation: Learning from the FSD Network, July 2017
- How can companies and market systems programmes engage effectively? The Practitioner Hub for Inclusive Business, January 2017.
- Institutional Reform: Adaptive programming in practice: Shared lessons from LASER (Legal Assistance for Economic Reform) and SAVI (State Accountability and Voice Initiative), 2016
- Financial Sector Deepening, Kenya: Ten years of a market systems approach in the Kenyan finance market, by Alan Gibson, 2016.
- Smallholder agriculture: Scaling Impact. Cambodia MSME Ex-post Assessment, USAID LEO, 2016.
- Smallholder agriculture: The BOSS Project in Timor-Leste: Thin Markets, Thick Impact? ILO, 2015.
- Innovating Private Sector Engagement in the Indo-Pacific Region. The Market Development Facility, MDF, 2015.
- Alliances Lesser Caucasus Programme Annual Report 2015-6 with results achieved
- Illuminating Market Systems Development in Fragile Environments. A case study of the alternative energy market in Timor Leste, Mercy Corps, 2015.
- Education and Lasting Access to Fertiliser: How Nigerian Smallholders and Business are Prospering Together, Propcom Mai-karfi and the Springfield Centre, 2014.
- The Case Study page of Katalyst Bangladesh (Seeds, ICT, Vegetables, Maize etc.)
- Navigating complexity. Adaptive management at the Northern Karamoja Growth, Health and Governance Program, EWB and Mercy Corps, 2014.
- Making the Input Supply Market Work for the Poor: A Case Study From the Somali Region of Ethiopia, Mercy Corps and Springfield, 2013
- Reports focusing on Inclusive Business Models that engage with the poor as producers and consumers can be found here.
- M4P publications of the Springfield Centre for Business in Development, on their website (many are also posted above)
- SDC’s M4P site and the separate Market Approaches to Development site of Urs Heierli