Youth employment

Young people globally are almost three times more likely to be unemployed than adults. They are also particularly vulnerable to insecure and poorly paid jobs. This page summarises some of the key evidence around Youth Entrepreneurship and Employment.

DCED Synthesis Note: Youth employment

Synthesis Note: Youth Employment, DCED, 2017: This 5-page note summarises key research on how different private sector development approaches can assist young people. It includes 4 key take-aways:

  • Global unemployment, or employment in precarious jobs, is much higher for youth than for adults. While training leads to better labour market outcomes, skills development interventions tend to have only small effects on youth employment. Wage subsidies are ineffective
  • Job search and matching services are considered more cost-effective than other interventions, and have led to significant benefits in some countries, in particular when implemented by private service providers and in urban markets.
  • It is not clear from the evidence whether grants or loans are most effective in helping young entrepreneurs set up and grow a business.
  • Digital technologies have great potential in delivering training and financial services to youth, as well as offering new employment opportunities; they are however less likely to be accessible by rural youth.

Key overview documents

Training for youth in skills

Wage subsidies for youth

Support to youth entrepreneurship

ICTs for youth employment

Youth employment in conflict-affected areas

For more information, visit the DCED knowledge page on PSD in Conflict-Affected Environments.

Youth employment in agricultural and rural areas

Measuring the results of youth employment interventions

Other useful resources

Photo credits

Bishwajit Paul, James Maiden/ MDF